Emily Badger and Christopher Ingraham have a striking story in the Business section of the Washington Post, “Why do poor boys become jobless men?”
The story notes that in Washington DC and especially in the Sandtown area of Baltimore, poverty affects the ability of young men to become employed at all much more than it affects young women, who are sometimes actually more likely to go to work. The lack of moral or emotional support for boys and the lack of grown male role models in these communities (with absent fathers and single mothers) is seen as part of the explanation.
I noticed something a few years back, working as a substitute teacher, that minority teens from poverty wondered why they were expected to learn academic subjects -- most of all algebra -- at all. They would act patronizing around me when I worked math "story" problems, as if they were an irrelevant mystery.
While we see more girls making spectacular achievements in the math and science and technology work world, it still seems that boys get the attention when they truly perform as prodigies – in areas ranging from physics, to coding, to music.